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MacPhee House Community Museum


Accession number: 2006.003.001
Object type: Grapnel
Date: 1975 – 2000
Materials: Mild steel bar and rod stock
Measurements: 70 cm W x 109.8 cm HThe 5 tines are irregular lengths, the width is the fluke to centre of shaft distance of the most wide spread, plus the approximate distance from shaft centre to a point tangent to the next most opposite fluke. Each tine is curved at a different radius. As a result the anchor shaft does not sit vertically when the anchor is placed on a horizontal surface. (Such a surface is referred to in the remainder of this description as datum) All the tines are made from the same steel bar stock that has been hand forged at one end to form the fluke about 3.5 cm long and 2.5 cm wide. Each tine descends vertically for about 12-15 cm after which the tine curves down towards datum, and then up again to achieve about a 30-45 degree angle at the fluke. The tines are spaced about evenly around the shaft. The bar stock used is 1.8 cm diameter. The tines are welded to the shaft below a steel ring 5.0 cm in diameter made from 1.8 cm diameter rod that has been welded to the shaft 13 cm from the lower end. The shaft extends about 12 cm below the ring. The tines are welded to both the shaft below the ring, and the lower surface of the ring, using the vertical portion of the tine. Taking the tine that reaches datum when the shaft is held vertically as tine #1, and counting clock-wise, the tines have the following dimensions and relationship to the shaft to which they are all welded: #1 tip of fluke is 31.0 cm from the centre line of the shaft and 8.5 cm from datum. #2 fluke is missing, tine ends at 23.0 cm from the centre line of the shaft The lowest point is 2.0 cm from datum, and the highest 14.0 cm from datum. Tine #2 is the second one to have been welded at that position. The original #2 is broken off at 17.0 cm and the new (now also broken) #2 welded to it and to the shaft. #3 tip of fluke is 22.75 cm from the centre line of the shaft. The lowest point is 4.5 from datum, and the highest 24.0 cm from datum. #4 tip of fluke is 17.25 cm from the centre line of the shaft. The lowest point is 3.0 from datum, and the highest 17.0 cm from datum. #5 tip of fluke is 17.25 cm from the centre line of the shaft. The lowest point is 5.0 from datum, and the highest 25.0 cm from datum. Half of the fluke is missing. Steel rods about 9.0 cm long and 0.5 cm diameter are welded as re-enforcing between tines 2&3 and 4&5. At the top of the shaft a rectangular ring 5.5 cm wide, 5.0 cm high made from 1.1 cm diameter steel rod has been welded vertically. This ring forms a tie-off point for a mooring line.
Narrative: Ship and boat anchors vary in size and design depending on both the size of vessel to be moored, and the nature of the bottom over which the vessel normally operates. General sandy and mud sea floors require anchors with two arms each having a large fluke. One or the other fluke will dig into the sand or mud to secure the vessel as that fluke is held at an appropriate angle to the sea bed by an anchor stock that is at right angles to the anchor arm, and the end of which also rests on the sea bed. The Eastern Shore of Nova Scotia is characterized by a rocky sea floor on which large fluked, stocked anchors are less effective. Stockless grapple anchors having multiple arms or tines with much smaller flukes more efficiently catch the rock bottom. Ramey Munroe is a fisherman with a wharf on Sober Island, Nova Scotia. He made this grapple anchor to a traditional Eastern Shore design, from materials to hand. The anchor was discarded after one too many breaks in the tines.
Description: A 5 tined grapnel stockless anchor
History of Use: Constructed by donor for use in his fishing business. Repaired a number of times as the tines were damaged.  Use discontinued when repairs no longer worthwhile. Stored on-shore until donated to museum.