Accession number: 792-18
Object type: Woven
Date: before 1919
Materials: Cotton and wool rags
Measurements: 72 in L x 68 in W
Narrative: This woven blanket was made on a loom by Mrs. Anselme à Den (Flora) Deveau, before she married in 1919. Mrs. Anselme à Den Deveau, whose name was actually Flora, was born July 17th 1900 and died October 18th, 1972. Weaving is "a method of creating fabric by interlacing two sets of yarn threads called the warp and the weft. The warp threads form the base for the weaving; they are aranged parallel to one another and held in tension on a loom. The weft is a single thread that is passed over and under the warp threads in a systematic way to create a solid or patterned piece of cloth." The technique of weaving on a loom (both a hand loom and a power loom) involves first spinning the fibres used in weaving into yarn. These yarns are then wound around a spool or reel, and then unwound as the process of weaving begins. Weaving involves five steps, or processes: letting off, shedding, pickingweft insertion, beating up, and finally taking up. The use of the hand loom to create fabrics can be traced back to the ancient world, where it was used by Chinese and Middle Eastern civilizations long before it became popular in Europe. Hand looms vary in their size and shape, and can be designed to sit comfortably on a small table or stand freely on a floor. Until the late eighteenth century, hand looms were prevalent in most cultures, and every aspect of the process was accomplished by hand. In 1786, however, the first mechanized (power) loom was perfected by British inventor Edmund Cartwright, and by the early nineteenth century "the power loom had come into general use."
Description: This beige woven blanket has a large horizontal stripe pattern that consists of a thin blue horizontal stripe, followed by a larger graywhite stripe with blue flecks, then a smaller rosepink stripe, followed by a smaller graywhite stripe with blue flecks, an identical rosepink stripe, an identical larger graywhite stripe with blue flecks, and finally an identical thin blue stripe. The blanket has whitebeige cotton fringes.