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DesBrisay Museum

Yoke, Animal


Accession number: 98.34
Object type: GALLOWS
Object subtype: OX
Date: 1989
Materials: CARVED WOOD
Measurements: 121.5 cm L x 12 cm W
Marks/Label: CORNERS OF YOKES END ARE CUT TO FORM A TRIANGLE WITH ALL POINTS TRUNCATED.
Subject: LUNENBURG COUNTY, BROAD COVE, ANIMALS, OXEN
Narrative: FRENCH IMMIGRANTS BROUGHT THE FIRST OXEN TO NOVA SCOTIA IN 1610. OXEN WERE TRADITIONALLY ASSOCIATED WITH FARM LIFE. THEY HELPED CLEAR THE LAND, SUPPLIED POWER FOR CULTIVATING AND HARVESTING EQUIPMENT, TRANSPORTED FIREWOOD FROM NEARBY WOODLAND, AND CARRIED EXTRA PRODUCE TO MARKETS.   THE ETHNIC BACKGROUND OF SETTLERS DETERMINED THE METHOD USED TO HARNESS THE OX TO THE LOAD DRAWN.  THE FRENCH AND GERMANS OF THE SOUTH SHORE OF NOVA SCOTIA USED THE HEAD YOKE WHICH CONSISTED OF A WOODEN BEAM STRAPPED TO THE HORNS AT THE BACK OF THE ANIMAL'S HEAD.  THE WAGON'S POLE OR THE CHAIN FROM THE PLOUGH WAS FASTENED TO EITHER SIDE OF A SINGLE YOKE OR AT THE CENTER OF A DOUBLE YOKE,  IN THIS YOKE, THE ANIMALS PULLED FROM THE HEAD.  OXEN WERE WORKED THROUGHOUT NOVA SCOTIA UNTIL THE MID-NINETEENTH CENTURY. 
Description: WOOD PAINTED RED, GALLOWS OX YOKE WITH HANDLE.  CARVED BY DARREL E. VEINOTTE.
History of Use: MADE BY DARREL E. VEINOTTE FOR HIS OWN CATTLE. PRUCHASED BY MYLES RAFUSE LATE SUMMER 1997 FROM THE MAKER. FIRST AND ONLY YOKE FOR PAIR OF AYERSHIRES.