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Parkdale-Maplewood Community Museum

Cylinder; Container


Accession number: 2018.012 a-c
Object type: Phonograph
Date: circa 1900
Materials: Wax; Paper
Measurements: 10.5 cm H x 5.5 cm Diameterb) Diameter 5.8 cm; Height 10.8 cm c) Diameter 5.9 cm; Height 2.5 cm
Marks/Label: a) 1896 Uncle Josh In a Barber Shop Cal  Stewart around top
b) Edison Blue Amberol Record on front & Picture of man & tiny printing on back
c) 1896 Uncle Josh in a Barber Shop Stewart Cal Stewart Talking Edison Blue Amberol Record on top.  Pencil scratching over words.
Description: a) cylinder has inside ridges, outside grooves, printing around top, thin smooth band around top
b) hollow container for a to fit inside
c) cover for b
History of Use:

Phonograph cylinders are the earliest commercial medium for recording and reproducing sound. Commonly known simply as "records" in their era of greatest popularity (c. 1896–1915), these hollow cylindrical objects have an audio recording engraved on the outside surface, which can be reproduced when they are played on a mechanical cylinder phonograph.[1] In the 1910s, the competing disc record system triumphed in the marketplace to become the dominant commercial audio medium