Accession number: 2018.004 a-b
Object type: Phonograph
Date: circa 1900
Materials: Wax; Paper
Measurements: 10.4 cm H x 2.3 cm Diameterb) 4.3 cm height
2.4 cm diameter
Marks/Label: a) 3904 Train Time at Pun'kin Center Cal Stewart & Co
b) Edison Blue Amberol Record on front
Picture of man and small printing on back
Description: a) Inside ridges, grooves outside, printing around top ridge.
Smooth band around top and bottom.
b) hollow container for a to fit inside
History of Use: Phonograph cylinders are the earliest commercial medium for recording and reproducing sound. Commonly known simply as "records" in their era of greatest popularity (c. 1896–1915), these hollow cylindrical objects have an audio recording engraved on the outside surface, which can be reproduced when they are played on a mechanical cylinder phonograph. In the 1910s, the competing disc record system triumphed in the marketplace to become the dominant commercial audio medium.