Accession number: 2018.003 a-b
Object type: Phonograph
Date: circa 1900
Materials: Wax; Paper
Measurements: 10.6 cm H x 5.5 cm Diameterb) Diameter 5.9 cm; Height 11 cm
Marks/Label: a) 2491 When the Green Leaves Turn to Gold E. Spencer & Van Brunt around top edge.
b) Edison Blue Amberol Record on front and picture of man on back + tiny printing
Description: a) Cylinder has inside ridges, grooves outside, printing around top edge. Smooth band around top and bottom.
b) hollow container for a
History of Use: Phonograph cylinders are the earliest commercial medium for recording and reproducing sound. Commonly known simply as "records" in their era of greatest popularity (c. 1896–1915), these hollow cylindrical objects have an audio recording engraved on the outside surface, which can be reproduced when they are played on a mechanical cylinder phonograph. In the 1910s, the competing disc record system triumphed in the marketplace to become the dominant commercial audio medium