Accession number: 2018.001 a-c
Object type: Phonograph
Date: circa 1900
Materials: Wax; Paper
Measurements: 10.6 cm H x 5.5 cm Diameterb) Diameter 6 cm; Height 10.8 cm
c) Diameter 6.1 cm; Height 2.5 cm
Marks/Label: a) 2556 The Little Ford Rambled Right Along B Murray around top edge
b) Edison Blue Amberol Record on front and mans picture on back.
c) 2556 The Little Red Ford Rambled Right Along (Byron Gay), Tenor, Bill Murray and other tiny printer on bottom half
Description: a) Cylinder has inside ridges, grooves outside, printing around top ridge. Smooth band around top and bottom
b) Hollow container for a to fit inside
c) Cover that fits over b, printing on top.
History of Use: Phonograph cylinders are the earliest commercial medium for recording and reproducing sound. Commonly known simply as "records" in their era of greatest popularity (c. 1896–1915), these hollow cylindrical objects have an audio recording engraved on the outside surface, which can be reproduced when they are played on a mechanical cylinder phonograph. In the 1910s, the competing disc record system triumphed in the marketplace to become the dominant commercial audio medium.