Accession number: P987.642
Object type: Dyke
Date: 1605 – 1900
Materials: Wood, metal
Measurements: 106.5 cm L x 12.5 cm W
Narrative: Seventeenth century Acadian settlers used dykes to reclaim the fertile marshland for their crops and homes. The dykes are earthen structures approximately 1.5 meters high with salt grass sod on both sides to prevent erosion of the earth. The dykes were built along the Bay of Fundy and the dykelands were formed from salt water silt deposits which created a stone-free, uniform sediment. The Acadians required a tool that functioned as a shovel and knife hence the dyke spade.
Description: The spade has a long, rounded wooden shaft with a T-shaped handle and rectangular, metal head. The blade is flat and attached to the shaft with a pentagon-shaped piece of metal and five nails.